United Nations Security Council: United Nation Security Council, (UNSC) is one of the six organs ensuring international peace and security. Embedded powers are establishing peacekeeping operations, enacting international sanctions and authorising military action.UNSC is the only organ of the United Nation, UN to issue binding resolution.
United Nations Security Council: Most Important SSB Lecturette Topic
The Security Council consists of fifteen members, of which five are permanent
4. The United Kingdom(Permanent)
5. The United States of America(Permanent)
8. Dominican republic
12. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
13. South Africa
Should India be given a permanent member seat in UNSC?
-India has one of the largest democracy in the world.
-India is the largest contributors of the United Nations peacekeeping forces.
-Stronger economy than Russia.
-India is a nuclear weapon state.
-India is one of the largest economies in the world.
PROGRESS SO FAR: United Nations Security Council
G4 nations supporting each other for permanent seats in UNSC.
– G4 nations uniting for consensus group (USG)
– Earlier the US showed support, but opposed reforms to UNSC.
HOW CAN INDIA BENEFIT FROM PERMANENT SEAT IN UNSC
-Greater say in international affairs.
-can get too powerful groups like NSG(nuclear suppliers group).
-power of veto.
-will help to reduce the dominance of china in the subcontinent.
-Boast image of India as an emerging superpower.
-Hold on POK(Pakistan occupied Kashmir)
WAS PERMANENT SEAT OFFERED TO INDIA?
On 27 Sep 1955 in parliament, Mr Nehru categorically denied that a UNSC seat was ever offered to India
Just a month earlier on 2nd August 1955, Nehru in his letter to chief ministers clearly mentioned there was indeed an informal offer from the US for a UNSC seat.
Giving permanent seat just to India doesn’t make UNSC democratic, but at least the developing world will be represented. That will lead to more effective reforms. So that democracy will prevail in the security council